类别:小学家教 / 日期:2022-11-25 / 浏览:8 / 评论:0

初中英语中有许多经常使用短语意义四周却不一样,审核时一不小心就会选错或者用错嗯。
今天导师为我们总结了种种近义词和词组,这也是初中英语学习的重点和中考英语必考的知识点嗯。希望我们能够在学习中领会.对比回忆在审核中万万不-要用错!
1.happen , take place
两者都有“发生啦”的意义嗯。
happen指事情的发生,经常带有"恰巧"的意义嗯。
It happens that I am free today. 正好今天我有无事嗯。
take place指事务放置或者谋划好今后发生,有无"恰巧"的意义嗯。
2. must, have to
must表现谈话人的主见看法;而have to则表现主观必-要嗯。mustn't意为“不行以够;不允许啦”;don't have to意为“没必-要啦”嗯。如
(1)My father had to work when he was ten years old嗯。
(2)The play is not interesting. I really must go now嗯。
3. arrive , reach , get to
三者都有“抵达啦”之意嗯。
reach为及物动词嗯。They reached Tianjin yesterday.
近来你们抵达天津嗯。
arrive为不及物动词,以后接介词in或者at嗯。
get to经常使用于书面语,可取代前两者嗯。
4.because , because of
两者均表现“由于啦”
because是连词,指导状语从句嗯。
We stayed at home because it rained.
由于下雨,咋们呆在家嗯。
because of是短语介词,以后接名词性词语嗯。
We stayed at home because of the rain .
由于下雨,咋们呆在家嗯。
5. in front of, in the front of
in front of…意义是"在……前面",指甲物在乙物以前,两者互不包罗;其反义词是behind(在……的以后)嗯。
如He walked in fount of me嗯。
他走在我的前面嗯。
There are some flowers in fount of the house嗯。
屋子前面有一些花卉嗯。
in the front of 意义是"在某一空-间内的前部",即甲物在乙物的范围之内;其反义词是at the back of…(在……范围内的后部)嗯。
如There is a big desk and a blackboard in the fount of our classroom嗯。
咋们的课堂前面有一张大桌子和一块黑板嗯。
Our teacher stands in the fount of the classroom嗯。
咋们的导师站在课堂前
6. look , see , watch
三者都有“看啦”的意义嗯。
look是看的历程嗯。
I looked , but saw nothing . 我看了,但什么也没看见嗯。
see是看的结局嗯。
see a film看电影
see a play看戏(话剧)
watch是看移动的东西或者定晴地看嗯。
watch a football match看竞赛嗯。
watch TV看电视
7. sometime; sometimes; some time; some times
sometime是副词,可与以前时或者未来时连用,表现"(在以前)某个时刻"或者"(在未来)某个时刻"嗯。
如 I saw him sometime in May嗯。
some time大部-分情形下做名词短语,意为"一些时刻;一些时刻";她还能够做副词词组,用来表现一位未一定的时刻,这个时候她可与sometime交换嗯。
如 I'll be away for some time嗯。
sometimes是一位表现时刻频率的副词,意为"有一些时刻候"嗯。
如Sometimes I help my mother with the housework嗯。
some times是"几回.几倍"之意嗯。
如They have been there several times嗯。
8. how long, how often, how far, how soon
how long意为"多久.多长时刻",重如果对一段时刻举行提,语一样平常为(for)three days/weeks/months等时刻段,她可用于种种时态嗯。
How long do you stay in Beijing every year?
每逐一年你在北京住多久?
how often意为"多久……次.能否经常",用来提在某一特定的时刻举行某个动做的次数,语一样平常为always,usually,often,sometimes,once/twice a day/month等嗯。
How often do you get to school very early?
你多久早到校一次?
how far意为"多远",对差异提时用嗯。How far is that? 那有多远?
how soon意为"还要多久",是对从某个基本时刻到未来某动做结尾或者某动做发生这段时刻提,经常使用在一样平常未来时态的句子中,其语一样平常为"in + 一段时刻"嗯。
-How soon can you finish the work? 还要多久你能完结这项工做?
-In half an hour. 半小时后嗯。
9. agree with,agree to,agree on
两者都有“赞成啦”.“赞成啦”的意义嗯。
agree with 以后常接表现人或者看法(看法)的名词做宾语嗯。agree with 另有“适合啦”.“吻合啦”的含意嗯。如The climate here doesn't agree with him嗯。他不适合这里的天气嗯。
agree to 以后一样平常接表现建议.办法.谋划之类的名词做宾语嗯。
agree on就…达-成一样的看法嗯。
10. across , cross, crossing, through, past
1)cross 意为“横过, 穿过啦”为动词,十分于walk(go,run)across
Look both ways before you cross the road嗯。
(2)across意为“横过,穿过啦”为介词,不做动词,不行以做谓语,常放在动词以后,如go across
He walked across the field嗯。
(3)through 是介词,含有“从…中心穿越啦”之意,表现周围含有物体的穿越嗯。
The ball went through the window嗯。
(4)past既可做形容词也可做副词,做副词时有“穿过,凌驾啦”之意嗯。
Will you be going past my house on your way home?
(5)crossing意为“渡口,人行横道,(铁路与公路的)交织点嗯。
All the cars should stop before the zebra crossing嗯。
11.on,in,with
(1)on表现运用通讯器械.信息或者传媒,乘坐交通器械等;
I don't want to talk about it on the phone嗯。
(2)in运用语言笔墨等前言;
Can you speak it in English?
(3)with借助详细的办法或者器械嗯。
Don't write it with a red pen嗯。
12.at,on,in
at, on, in三者都能够表现"在……的时刻"嗯。
(1)at表现在哪一位时刻用;表现时刻点嗯。
I get up at six o'clock in the morning . 我清早六点起床嗯。
(2)On表现在哪一天,哪一天的凌晨(下午.夜晚);
on Wednesday , on Sunday morning , on May I , on a cold morning in 1936
(3)in表现在哪一年(季.月),在早上,下午等嗯。
in September , in the morning , in the afternoon
13.few, a few; little , a little
只管都表现“少啦”,但
·few, a few是可数的, little, a little是不行数的嗯。
·a few, a little含一定记号,few, little含否认记号嗯。
(1) They have a little ink, don't they?
你们有一点墨水,是吗?
(2)They have little ink, do they?
你们全部有无墨水,是吗?
(3)She has a few Chinese friends, doesn't she?
他有几位祖国同伴,是吗?
(4)She has few Chinese friends, does she?
他全部有无几位祖国同伴,是吗?
(5)She has a little dog嗯。他有一只小狗嗯。
14.not … until, until
not … until 直到…才… (主句动词是暂时性动词)
(1)He didn't go to bed until his mother came back嗯。until 不停到… (主句中运用连续性动词)
(2)I study hard until it is midnight every day嗯。
15. spend, pay, cost, take
(1)Sb. Spend … on sth. 某人花了…(时刻.款项)在某事上嗯。
I spend ten yuan on the book嗯。
(2)spend (in) doing sth. 某人花了…(时刻.款项)做某事嗯。
She spent two hours in drawing the house嗯。
(3)Sb. pay …for …sth. 某别认谋划某物花了…嗯。
I paid 50 yuan for the clothes嗯。
(4)Sth. cost sb. … 某物花了某人…嗯。
It cost us five dollars嗯。
(5)It takes/took sb. … to do sth. 花了某人…(时刻.款项)做某事嗯。
It takes us ten minutes to brush my teeth every day嗯。
16.too much, too many, much too
too much + 不行数名词 too many + 可数名词 much too + 形容词.副词
(1)There is too much milk in the basket嗯。
(2) She ate too many biscuits yesterday morning嗯。
(3) He runs much too quickly嗯。
(4) The chair is much too expensive嗯。
17.after , in
(1)After+时刻段 讲明以前一段时刻以后,经常使用于以前时态的句子;
I received the letter after two days .
我是两天以后收到这封信的嗯。
(2)After+时刻点 表现未来一段时刻以后,用于未来时态的句子嗯。
He will arrive after four o'clock 嗯。
(3)in+时刻段 以现在为启程点,表现未来一段时刻以后,经常使用于未来时态的句子嗯。
You will receive the letter in three days .
你三天以后将收到这封信嗯。
18.ago , before
(1)ago驻足于现在,表现从现在起,许多时刻以前;ago 平时与一样平常以前时连用,不行以与完结时连用;
I met him three years ago 嗯。(距今)三年前,我遇到他嗯。
(2)before驻足以前,表现从以前某一时刻刻起,许多时刻以前嗯。before平时与以前完结时连用嗯。
I had met him three years before 嗯。
(距那时)三年前我看见他一次嗯。
19.alone, lonely
alone是表语形容词,只能做表语用嗯。
Though I am alone, I am not lonely嗯。只管我孤唯一人,但我一开始不感觉寂-寞嗯。
lonely除有"孤苦的"意义外,另有"寂-寞的"意义嗯。另外声明特色时另有“人迹稀疏的啦”.“荒芜的啦”意义嗯。
He was taken to a lonely house . 他被带到一位荒无人烟的屋子内嗯。
20.also , either , too , as well
also用于一定句. You study English and I also study it嗯。
你学英语,我也学嗯。
either用于否认句,并放在句尾;
You don't study English and I don't study it either嗯。
你不学英语,我也不学嗯。
too和as well 用于一定句,放在句尾,多用于书面语嗯。
比如
You are a student and I am a student, too.
你是學生,我也是嗯。
You know the way and I know it as well.
你知路线,我也知道嗯。
21.as,when,while
When可与一位点的时刻或者表现一段的时刻连用,从句动词可于是暂时性或者连续性动词嗯。从句的动做和主句的动做能够同时,也同先于主句的动做嗯。
Whentheteachercamein,thestudentsstoodup嗯。
当导师进去时,學生们起立嗯。
While只指一段时刻,不行以指一点时刻嗯。因而while从句中的谓语动词必须是连续性动词嗯。表现一段较长的时刻或者一位历程,主句和从句的动做同时发生嗯。
Don'ttalkwhileyouareeating嗯。用饭时你不-要谈话嗯。
As主句和从句的动做同时发生,有一些时刻可译做“一边……,一边啦”嗯。
22.begin,start
两者均可表现“最先啦”
一样平常能够公用,但start较为书面语化嗯。
Ithasbegun(started)raining嗯。以前最先下雨了嗯。
start还可表现“起程啦”.“开动啦”等意义,而begin则不行以这样用嗯。比如
TheystartforBeijingtomorrow嗯。你们再过一天起程去北京嗯。
23.date,day
date指"日期"嗯。What'sthedatetoday?今天几号?
day指"星期几",指两十四小时的一整天;也单指白-天;也指主要的日子嗯。
Whatdayistoday?今天星期几?
Therearesevendaysinaweek嗯。一周有七天嗯。
NationalDay国庆节
24.besides,except,exceptfor,but“除……之外啦”
besides的意义是"除…之外,另有…"是一定的;包罗,besides以后的宾语在内,含有"加之"的意义嗯。
Ihavethreeotherpensbesidesthis嗯。
除这支笔外,我另有另外三支笔嗯。
except(but)的意义是"除……之外,有无…"能否认的;不包罗except后的宾语在内,含有"减去"的意义嗯。
but用于"除"之意时,只能用于noone,nobody,nothing,all,everyone,everything等词以后嗯。
Everybodyishereexcept(but)Mary嗯。
除Mary之外,我们都来了嗯。
except for的用法是在声明基本情形后,而在细节上加以纠正嗯。except for有一些时刻能够与except交换,表现"除……之外",但位于句首时,不行以够和except交换嗯。比如
Yourcompositionisgoodexceptforsomespellingmistakes嗯。除有几个拼写过错之外,你的做文很好嗯。
besides意为"除……之外,另有"except意为"除……之外",but用于"除"之意时,只能用于noone,nobody,nothing,all,everyone,everything等词以后嗯。
25.bring,take,fetch
bring是"带来"嗯。
比如Don't forget to bring adictionary with you嗯。
别忘了把辞典带来嗯。
take是"带去"嗯。
比如Please take the small blackboard to the classroom
请把这块小黑板带到课堂去嗯。
fetch是"去取","去拿来"嗯。
比如Please fetch me some chalk嗯。
26.borrow,lend
两者都有"借"的意义嗯。borrow是"借入",lend是"出借"嗯。比如
Can I borrow your pen?我能够借你的钢笔吗?
Lend me your pen,will you?把钢笔借给我用用,能够吗?
27.finally,at last,in the end
她们都有"最终"."最终"的含意嗯。但用法区别嗯。
finally用于动词以前,表现人们长时刻以来希望的某事最终完变成了嗯。
He tried many times and finally succeeded嗯。
他试验了频频,最终成-功了嗯。
at last也有此义,但希望的情感更猛烈一些嗯。
At last he has understood it嗯。最终他最终清晰了这个嗯。
in the end表现通过许多转变或者周折,最终发生了某事嗯。
比如We made several different plans for our holiday, but in the end we had a summer campagain嗯。
咋们制订了好几种区别的度假计划,但最终咋们仍然选定了再来一次夏令营行-动嗯。
28.find,look for,find out
两者都有“寻找啦”的意义嗯。
find是look for的结局嗯。
What are you looking for?你在找什么?
look for是find以前的寻找历程嗯。
Have you found your pen?你找出你的钢笔了吗?
Find out 指通过一番勤奋最终找出嗯。
I found out she was wrong嗯。我觉察他错了嗯。
29.join,take part in,join in
两者都有“参与啦”的意义嗯。
join多指参与某组织.党派或者社-会整体,变成这个内里的一位成员嗯。
He joined the League in1985.他在1985年入团嗯。
joinin参与现在举行的竞赛.娱-乐.谈话等行-动嗯。
如join us in the match;
take part in指参与行-动.民众性行-动或者开会,并在这个内里起一定结局嗯。
The old man took part in the Long March嗯。这位暮年人参与太长征嗯。
30.dress , have sth. on , wear , put on
她们都有"穿"."戴"的意义嗯。但用法区别嗯。
have sth. on表现穿着的状态嗯。
He had a straw hat on . 他戴了一顶凉帽嗯。
wear表现穿着的状态嗯。
She likes to wear the light green dress .
他喜好穿浅绿色的衣服嗯。
put on表现穿着的动做.
You'd better put on your overcoat before going out 嗯。出门以前你最好穿上斗篷嗯。
dress既表动做也表状态嗯。
The mother is dressing her baby .
母亲正给他的婴儿穿衣服嗯。
31.take care of, look after
take care意为“注重啦”,“小心啦”,“留意啦”嗯。能够独自运用,也能够或者者跟不定式或者that从句嗯。
Take care么!The ice is thin嗯。小心么!冰很薄嗯。
take care of意为“照料啦”,“照料啦”,偏重于负有责任这一层意义,以后的宾语从句可于是人,也可于是某物,对比书面语化嗯。
Please take care of my house嗯。请照看一下我的家嗯。
look after 一样平常情形下可调换take care of,在意义上重伸看守或者照料,其宾语可于是物,但大部-分情形下是人或者动物嗯。
Will you look after my dog?请照看一下我的狗好吗?
32.whether,if
这两个连词都做“能否啦”解,指导宾语从句时,两者平时能够交换嗯。
但我列几种情形下,不行用if 取代whether嗯。
1)当whether 与or not连成词组时嗯。
I don't know whether or not they will come for our help嗯。我不知道你们能否来帮-助咋们嗯。
2)whether 用在不定式前面时嗯。
She hasn't decided whether to go or not嗯。
他另有无决定去仍然不去嗯。
3)whether指导的从句放在句首时嗯。
Whether this is true or not,I can't say嗯。
这是否确实,我不说(或者我说不行以)
33.either ,either…or, neither, neither…nor, both …and
either其意为“两者中的任何一位啦”嗯。
There are many shops on either side of the street. 街道双方有许多商铺嗯。
either用在否认句的句末,表现"也"的意义嗯。
If you don't go there, I won't, either.
如果你不去那里,我也不去嗯。
eitheror.嗯。意为"或者者……或者者……;不-是……即是……"之意嗯。表现两者之一,联接句子中两个并列的成份嗯。
eitheror.嗯。联接两个主语时,其谓语动词应与最近几天的一位主语在人称和数上维持一样,这即是咋们平时说的"就近准则"嗯。
Either you or I am going there tomorrow嗯。
再过一天要末你去那里,要末我去那里嗯。
neither做主语,表现“两者中有无一位啦”嗯。
Neither of them likes football. 你们俩都不喜好嗯。
neithernor.嗯。表现“既不……也不……啦”嗯。其含意能否认的,可联接随意两个并列的成份嗯。
She likes neither butter nor cheese.
他既不喜好黄油也不喜好乳酪嗯。
当neithernor.嗯。联接两个主语时,也应遵照“就近准则啦”嗯。比如
Neither dad nor mum is at home today.
今天父母都不在家嗯。
若将neithernor.嗯。句型变成一定句,只要把neithernor.嗯。改为bothand.嗯。即可,同时谓语动词必须用复数形势嗯。
比如 Both dad and mum are at home today.
今天父母都在家嗯。
34.have sb.do,have sb. or sth. doing,have sth. done
have sb.do 做"使某人做某事"解,have 后做宾语补足的不定式平时不带 to嗯。
have sb./sth.doing 与 have sb.do 的意义大要一样,不过现在分词做宾补重伸遣做在举行,而不定式做宾补只表现发生了某件事嗯。试对比下面两个句子
The boss had his workers working all day long嗯。
那老板让工人们整天(一直地)干活嗯。
The boss had his workers work fourteen hours a day嗯。
那老板让工人们一天干14小时的活嗯。
在 have sb.or sth.doing 结构中,have 如被否认,经常做“允许啦”.“隐忍啦”解嗯。
如I won't have you saying such things嗯。
我不允许你讲这样的话嗯。
have sth.done 做“(潜熟悉地)让他人替自己做某事啦”解,以前分词表现的动做赏由他人完结,宾语是以前分词所表现地震做的蒙受者嗯。还可批无熟悉的无奈行-动,have 做“遭到.遭受啦”解嗯。
如I had my pen stolen嗯。我的钢笔被人偷了嗯。
35.hear,hear of,hear from
hear 和hear of 均可解做“听说啦”,
hear 以后接宾语从句嗯。hear 还可做“听见啦”,“听见啦”解,以后能够接名词,代词+不带to的不定式(或者分词)的复合结构嗯。
I heard him just now嗯。我适才听见了他谈话嗯。
I heard him singing in the next room嗯。
我听见他在隔邻闺房里歌唱嗯。
hear of以后接名词,代词或者动名词嗯。I have heard of him嗯。我听人提到过他嗯。
hear from意为“收到……的信啦”,“获得……新闻啦”嗯。
比如
How often do you hear from your father?
你每一隔多久收到你父亲的信?
注重hear from的主语是“人啦”,而不-是“信啦”嗯。
以为有用的话,转发给孩子们看看吧!


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